What is hard mount and soft mount in NFS?

A hard mount is generally used for block resources like a local disk or SAN. A soft mount is usually used for network file protocols like NFS or CIFS. The advantage of a soft mount is that if your NFS server is unavailable, the kernel will time out the I/O operation after a pre-configured period of time.

What is NFS hard mount?

A Hard mount is generally used for block resources like a local disk or SAN. When a NFS filesystem mount is a Hard mount, an NFS request affecting any part of the mounted resource is issued repeatedly until the request is satisfied (for example, the server crashes and comes back up later).

What are the mount options for NFS?

Common NFS mount options in Linux

  • rw (read/write) / ro (read-only) – Use rw for data that users need to modify. …
  • suid / nosuid. …
  • hard / soft. …
  • intr / nointr. …
  • fg (foreground) / bg (background) …
  • devs / nodevs. …
  • timeo=n. …
  • retrans=n.

What does it mean to mount NFS?

A mount point is a directory to which the mounted file system is attached. Make sure the resource (file or directory) is available from a server. To mount an NFS file system, the resource must be made available on the server by using the share command.

INTERESTING:  How do you cheat on Mario Kart?

What is Nolock in NFS?

The nolock option prevents the exchange of file lock information between the NFS server and this NFS client. … Using the nolock option is required if the NFS server has its NFS file lock functionality in a broken or unimplemented state, but it works between any versions of NFS.

What is soft and hard mount?

A hard mount is generally used for block resources like a local disk or SAN. A soft mount is usually used for network file protocols like NFS or CIFS. The advantage of a soft mount is that if your NFS server is unavailable, the kernel will time out the I/O operation after a pre-configured period of time.

What does it mean to mount a horse?

(tr) to provide with a horse for riding, or to place on a horse. (of male animals) to climb onto (a female animal) for copulation.

How do I mount an NFS file system?

How to Mount an NFS File System ( mount Command)

  1. Become superuser or assume an equivalent role.
  2. Create a mount point for the file system to be mounted, if necessary. # mkdir /mount-point. …
  3. Make sure the resource (file or directory) is available from a server. …
  4. Mount the NFS file system.

How does NFS Authentication work?

Secure NFS System



When using UNIX authentication, an NFS server authenticates a file request by authenticating the computer making the request, but not the user. Therefore, a client user can run su and impersonate the owner of a file.

What are mount options?

The Linux “auto” mount option allows the the device to be mounted automatically at bootup. The Linux “auto” mount option is the default option. … With the Linux noauto mount option, the device can be mounted only explicitly and later you can use “mount -a” command to mount the devices listed in Linux /etc/fstab file.

INTERESTING:  Why do race cars only have one windshield wiper?
World of auto racing